There are plenty of situations where you may need to know how much weight your roof can support. If you own a commercial flat roof you may be curious if it can support a new packaged HVAC system, or the weight of your maintenance crew. Homeowners may be concerned that their roof won’t support them if they head up to install Christmas lights or decorations.

You can get a general idea about how much weight your roof can support from building codes. California and your local municipality set minimum standards for roof strength. However, there are some changes and problems that may have reduced your roof’s strength. In the end, you may need expert guidance. For now, here are a few things that commercial building owners and homeowners need to consider before they reach out to an architect.

How Much Weight Can A Flat Roof Hold?

California building code sets minimum standards for roof load-bearing capacity. At minimum, any roof which may be used by maintenance workers must hold 300 pounds concentrated. Concentrated means that this weight can be held by any one spot on the roof. In essence, you can expect that a flat roof built to California’s building code can safety hold 300 pounds of HVAC equipment in an area that measures 2.5 feet by 2.5 feet.

While that is the bare minimum, your roof may need to hold more. For example, in order to support a helipad for large helicopters your roof must hold 60 pounds per square foot overall as well as a single concentrated live load of 3,000 pounds over an area of 4.5 inches by 4.5 inches.

So, how do you find out what your building was designed to hold? As per California building code, your structural documents should indicate the specific weight your roof can hold. However, you may not be able to take your construction documents as gospel, especially if your building or roof is old. Additions to the building may have a stronger or weaker roof. New roofing materials may weigh more than older ones, which increases the overall stress on the roof.

In the end, the only people who can tell you for certain what your specific roof can hold are either your architect or a structural engineer.

How Much Weight Can My Home’s Roof Support?

As with commercial roofs, California building code sets requirements for residential roof strength. Per those guidelines, an ordinary roof on a home needs to hold 20 pounds per square foot at absolute minimum. Depending on your type of roof and what it is used for, it may be required to hold more weight. For example, a flat roof intended to hold a home garden needs to hold 100 pounds per square foot.

It is possible for a person to exceed a roof’s weight limit, especially if the roof is old or damaged. This risk is why only roof professionals should step onto residential roofs. Even if all you’re doing is stringing some Christmas lights, you could seriously injure yourself on a roof.

Before you step on your roof, or make decisions about what to install on it, you should reach out to roofing professionals to be sure you’re making a safe decision.